Berlin Wall Fast Facts

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The Berlin Wall started as a momentary border of barbed wire fencing and developed to some fortified concrete barrier together with armed East German border guards.

The wall between East and West Berlin was nearly 12 ft higher and roughly 27 mph, comprising 302 guard towers along with 55,000 antipersonnel volatile apparatus (landmines).
To stop efforts to scale the walls or escape by digging under, the walls has been reinforced by wires, minesand pipes, trenches along with wire-mesh fencing.
A wide-open area of dirt and sand, a buffer zone between the 2 walls, became known as “no man’s property” or even the “death strip, even” exactly where guards in a lot more than 300 observe towers could take anybody trying to flee.
The most famous border crossing was called as Checkpoint Charlie.
Time-line:
February 4-11, 1945 –
At the face of Germany’s defeat in Entire World War II, that the Allies’ Yalta Conference agrees to divide Germany into four zones of occupation: Great Britain, France and the United States of America inhabit the southern and western parts, along with the Soviet Union occupies the eastern. Berlin, located in Soviet territory, can be broken up in to west and west zones.

West Germany can be a democratic republic. East Germany can be really a democratic nation aligned with the Soviet Union.

1949-1961 – Over two million East Germans escape into the West. Foreign taxpayers, West Germans, West Berliners and Allied military personnel have been allowed to input East Berlin, however East Berliners want a special go to go away.
August 1-2, 1961 – East German Communist Party leader Walter Ulbricht signals that the order to get a barricade dividing East and West Berlin.
August 1-3, 1961 – east-german security forces leader Erich Honecker orders authorities and soldiers to erect a barbed wire fencing and started construction of tangible barricades.
August 18, 1961 – US Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson and retired General Lucius Clay fly Berlin as a show of US service for West Germany.
August 2 1, 1961 – Approximately 1,500 US troops arrive in West Berlin.
August 2 3, 1961 – West Berliners without permits are prohibited from entering East Berlin.
June 26, 1963 – US President John F. Kennedy speaks to an avid crowd at West Berlin’s older Schoeneberg Rathaus (city hall): “Today from the world of independence the proudest feature is ‘Ich bin ein Berliner’ (‘I am a Berliner’) all completely free men, wherever they can reside, are citizens of Berlin. And hence, as a absolutely free man, I enjoy what ‘Ich bin ein Berliner.'”

Visits Berlin in the invitation of West Berlin Mayor Willy Brandt. King supplies a sermon on each side of the wall titled “East or West — God’s Children.”

June 1-2, 1987 – At a address in the Brandenburg Gate, ” US President Ronald Reagan Difficulties Soviet General Secretary of the Communist Party Mikhail Gorbachev, leader of the USSR, to “tear down this wall”
April 3, 1989 – GDR border guards have been taught to prevent “using guns to reduce border offenses.”
October 18, 1989 – Communist Party leader Erich Honecker is ousted and can be replaced by Egon Krenz.
November 1), 1989 – Over a half million people participate in a pro-freedom rally in East Berlin, demanding completely free elections.
November two, 1989 – Egon Krenz announces sweeping political and economic reforms.
November 6, 1989 – A preliminary law has been passed that gives all taxpayers traveling and emigration rights.

Almost half of those members of the Politburo are all removed and replaced the following day.

November 9, 1989 – East Germany lifts travel limits into the West. Politburo member Guenter Schabowski announces that East German taxpayers could “abandon the nation through east-german border crossing points,” effective instantly.
November 910, 1989 – Jubilant crowds tear the wall piece by piece with his hands, pick axes, sledgehammers along with shovels.
November 10-11, 1989 – Several new crossing things have been started, and thousands and thousands of folks cross over to West Berlin.