Breast pain is a symptom of many women, as well as a few men. The assessment of these pains is very important for distinguishing between the natural changes caused by hormonal disorders or for causes such as breast cancer. In one study involving 10,000 women (aged 46 years) who were examined for breast problems, breast pain accounted for 5% of the total number (see also: Scientific facts about breast cancer)
Causes of breast pain:
1. Periodic breast pain:
‘Two-thirds of cases’ This type of pain usually results before the menstrual cycle and is in the kidneys of the breasts.
These pains are caused by estrogen, progesterone, or prolactin.
Some hormonal medications may also be accompanied by such pain.
In most cases, the pain is simple, but in about 11% the pain is moderate to severe, affecting the activities of daily life.
2. Non-cyclic breast pain:
This type of pain does not follow the menstrual cycle, and is usually in one of the breasts.
Causes of non-periodic breast pain:
Large breasts, as a result of tightening the internal breast ligaments (see also: breast augmentation and breast feeding)
Diet and lifestyle: Although this factor is uncertain, stopping coffee or smoking leads to pain relief in a number of women.
Treatment of hormone replacement therapy: About a third of women of menopause who receive hormone replacement therapy complain of such pain (see also: Hormonal Replacement Therapy)
Inflammation of ductile ducts.
Breast and Breast Implants: Especially in Lactating Women.
Inflammatory breast cancer: In these cases the patient suffers from pain in one of the breasts with swelling and redness of the skin increasingly, accompanied sometimes by a change in the shape of the skin to become thick and like orange peel.
Other causes such as pregnancy, surface veinitis, bruising, previous operations, etc. (Read also: pregnancy symptoms by month of pregnancy)
Medical evaluation of the situation:
Accurate clinical examination by a doctor or specialist.
Radiographs such as mammogram and sonar.
Sometimes if the pain is clear that it is cyclical it does not need to be photographed.
If the pain is of a cyclical type, and clinical examination and radiographs are found to be normal, it is unlikely that the cause is breast cancer, then the precautionary measures may lead to pain relief.
Treatment of breast pain:
After reassuring that there are no more serious things like breast cancer, reassuring the patient is one of the most important things in the treatment.
1. Conservative treatment:
The type of nutrition and lifestyle are things that can help low fat meals, high complex carbohydrates. There are unconfirmed results about reducing caffeine, and using vitamin E to relieve pain.
Change the bra size to more fit with breast size.
Compresses warm water or light massage.
2. Drug therapy:
Some drugs that reduce inflammation such as diclofenac, aspirin, paracetamol in the form of pills or fats.
Stop or reduce hormone replacement therapy.
Danazol (Danazol) but has obvious side effects as it stimulates male hormones.
Most breast pain is accompanied by benign diseases, such as periodic pain, breast lumps, and fibrosis, usually breast cancers do not appear as pain in the breast.
The assessment includes clinical examination, accurate medical information and radiographs needed for each patient.
The treatment ranges from the precautionary to certain medical drugs after the exclusion of serious diseases such as cancer.
Breast pain: Symptoms and treatment
Causes of breast lumps
Breast enlargement in men
Do men get breast cancer?