China’s legislature passed a nuclear safety law on Friday, enabling China to use nuclear energy safely, ensuring the safety of facilities and materials, and dealing with nuclear accidents while protecting workers in the nuclear sector, the general public and the environment.
The legislation was adopted after the third reading of its provisions at the bi-monthly session of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC), which began on Monday and ends on Monday.
In March, China pledged to improve its disposal of radioactive waste to cope with the development of its nuclear industry as part of a new nuclear safety and radiation pollution control plan approved by its government.
According to the plan, which was published on the official website of the Chinese government, China will further enhance the safety of nuclear facilities by 2020, with the aim of ensuring the reduction of radiation accident rates, better emergency response capabilities and supervision of nuclear safety.
Through the plan, developed by China’s Ministry of Environment, China aims to modernize its regulatory system and its capacity for nuclear safety and control of radiation pollution by 2025.
In a report last September, a team of IAEA experts praised the effectiveness of China’s nuclear and radiological safety measures, but said they needed further development because of the rapid growth of the country’s nuclear power sector.
The report, issued at the end of a visit by experts to China on a mission to assess nuclear safety measures, confirmed that they found that most of the recommendations made during a visit by the IAEA in 2010 were carried out, but noted that more work is needed in the areas of Such as managing the operation of nuclear power plants and long-term waste management.
Earlier this year, data from the World Nuclear Association reported that there are 36 nuclear power reactors on the Chinese mainland, as well as 21 under construction, and more are planned by China to begin construction as they aim to have about 90 reactors Or under construction by 2020.
China’s nuclear power output is expected to double to at least 58 gigawatts by the end of 2020, and China hopes to increase its nuclear power capacity to 150 gigawatts by 2030, the association said.
On the other hand, China announced last year that it intends to set up a national team for rapid response in nuclear emergencies both inside and outside the country in any place that may need its assistance in the world.
The head of the emergency and nuclear security department of the State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense, Liao Bin, said the team is 320 personnel and will be established in cooperation with the military and the nuclear industry before the end of 2018.
The team will consist of six command, coordination and technological support units, emergency rescue operations, engineering rescue, emergency monitoring, radiation protection, decontamination and medical assistance, said Liao Bin at a meeting of the National Coordinating Committee on Incidents and Nuclear Emergencies.
In his speech at the meeting, the head of the administration, Xu Dazhe, called for the development of China’s nuclear emergency strategy.
During 2011-2015, China issued a White Paper on Nuclear Emergencies, which included 50 safety and legal regulations and regulations, a plan to build eight technical support centers, 25 rescue units and three training bases.
According to the official Xinhua news agency, the meeting dealt with the development of a national network for monitoring nuclear emergencies and improving rescue measures. He said that over the next five years, China will improve its nuclear emergency response capabilities and finalize an appropriate national system for such emergencies